By Jennifer Ambanta | Jan. 26, 2015 at 11:00pm [ manilastandardtoday.com ]
The Philippines has the sixth fastest growing urban population in Asia, the World Bank said Monday.
Data showed urban population in the country had been rising the fastest in the region, next to Mongolia, Vietnam, China, Cambodia and Laos.
“Urban areas in the Philippines are among the densest in the region, and are becoming denser,” the World Bank said in a new report titled East Asia’s Changing Urban Landscape: Measuring a Decade of Spatial Growth.
The report said in 2010, the Philippines had the eighth-largest amount of built-up area in the East Asia region. “The urban landscape of the Philippines is polarized, with one megacity urban area, Manila, and a number of much smaller urban areas,” it said.
Metro Manila was listed as one of the region’s megacities of 10 million or more inhabitants. It was home to 16.5 million people in 2010.
The next largest urban area in the country as measured by population, Cebu, is much smaller, at 1.5 million. Three urban areas are in the 500,000 to 1 million population range and another 16 are in the 100,000 to 500,000 range, as of 2010, the World Bank said.
“The Manila urban area is the Philippines’ undisputed primate city, with no close competitors,” the World Bank said.
Metro Manila’s population density increased from 11,900 people per square kilometer in 2000 to almost 13,000 in 2010. About half the population growth occurred in Metro Manila, mostly in Quezon City (up 500,000 people), Caloocan City (up 300,000 people) and the city of Manila (300,000).
Metro Manila is much denser than the rest of the urban area, with Manila the densest local unit (almost 48,000 people per square kilometer).
The administrative area of Metro Manila added nearly 2.3 million residents with a negligible increase in urban built-up area.
The World Bank said Metro Manila had 10 percent of the overall urban land and 16 percent of the overall population. However, spatial buildup was not only seen in Manila but also to neighboring provinces and cities.